We eat it, we grow it, and we shop it: food is an integral part of our lives. Whether we’re a producer, a grower, or simply an avid eater, the evolution of the food production industry has impacted the entire globe.
We take a quick look through the growth as well as today’s market, and reflect on Gold Peg’s role in the demand for food processing equipment that not only produces a high volume to meet production demands, but also maintains product quality, freshness, and taste. Read on to learn more!
The earliest days of food production
In its earliest days, food production was steeped in farming. Further, it was limited by:
- Insufficient packaging, that did not safely protect product (like refrigeration)
- Difficulty in transportation, where lengthy journeys inhibited product quality and taste
In its simplest and oldest form, food processing involves changing the basic structure of food from its natural form. Before processing, food had a short shelf life and was prone to foodborne bacteria, leading to illness.
It wasn’t until refrigeration took centre stage that food transportation became a viable trade.
Worldwide transportation: refrigeration and food processing
Before the refrigerator as well as food processing equipment, icehouses were used to store goods. However, these spaces were not portable and as such, limited by mobility, safe transportation of perishable foods proved difficult.
After several designs and attempts by a variety of people, Scottish-Australian journalist James Harrison built and patented the first refrigeration system in the 1850s.
Whether it’s across the state, country, or globe, refrigeration (plus developments in transport) opened up an entirely new market for perishable food production, distribution, and importantly, sales!
Food processing results in a longer shelf life
In another leap in food transport, food processing resulted in product that not only boasts a longer shelf life (thus making food transportation even more achievable), but that is also less susceptible to spoiling and bacterial infiltration.
Shelf stable products
After refrigeration, the market also developed “shelf stable” product, that is, product that does not require refrigeration during transport or when stocked for selling.
This resulted in big savings on food transport costs!
Shelf stable products can be safely stored at room temperature in a sealed packet or container, rather than in the refrigerator. For example, Kraft’s “blue packet” cheese has always been stocked on the shelf, not the refrigerator, in Australia.
How are shelf stable products made?
During processing, product is treated by heat or dried out to destroy microorganisms that can cause food to spoil or lead to illness. During packaging, product is stored in a sterile and airtight container.
Examples of global food export
The Australian company, based in the NSW town of Bega (population 4668), exports its dairy products all over the world, and in particular the Middle East, where strong demand has fuelled from rapid population growth.
Kerry Foods manufactures a number of products including kids’ snack Cheestrings and Dairygold butter spread as well as industry products such as cheese slices for burger chains. Kerry Foods was named Ireland’s biggest food and drink exporter in 2013.
QBB is a Japanese n company, with a multitude of brands, one Singapore brand is credited with manufacturing and distributing clarified butter throughout south-east Asia and these dairy products are made from the milk of Australian cows. QBB also manufacture and distribute shelf stable cheese fondue sauce and processed cheeses.
The growth of food processing and production around the world
Australia is a relatively young country that experienced one of its fastest population booms in the 19th Century: Australia saw its population soar from 13,000 in 1815 to almost 200,000 by 1850.
This rapid growth, somewhat unexpected, resulted in severe demands for not only food, but transportation, construction, and more. As such, the job market exploded and new jobs were created in order to sustain the demand.
Did you know that the food industry in the United States generates around one TRILION dollars a year in sales?
Food processing in the USA dates back to the early 1940s, and chocolate candy M&Ms is commonly attributed as one of the first processed foods.
The food and beverage manufacturing industry is Europe’s largest manufacturing sector in terms of jobs and value.
One of the leaders in advanced production that reduces the impact on the environment, Europe has enjoyed success in their food production processes and is constantly looking towards the future.
The Japanese food production industry is steadily rising thanks to increased demands and improved marketing. Key opportunities food processors are targeting include an ageing population, where an increase in single-person living leads to a higher demand for ready-to-eat products.
Fast facts about popular food products around the world
Baby food processing
The highly competitive baby food processing market, heavily reliant on word-of-mouth from consumers’ friends and family as well as the more recent dependence on high-quality and more natural products, is set to achieve global revenue of almost $160 billion by 2021!
Pet food processing
While not suitable for humans, pet food is often a staple on our grocery shopping list: more than half of all Americans have a dog or cat in their home, while 9 in 10 refer to their pet as a member of the family!
- In the US, pet food is the highest selling product or service in the pet market (vet care follows)
- Half of Australia’s pet food industry revenue comes through supermarket sales
- In Europe, pet “humanization” (where pets are treated with the utmost care!) is a key contributor to the industry’s growth
Sauces and sauce processing
- The growth of condiments, sauces, and dressings in Asia was in part fuelled by the success and popularity of soy sauce
- Hot sauce is set to become a $1.3 billion-dollar industry in the United States
- Sauces, dressings, and other condiments are set to rise 1% annually in Australia
From birth to the “now”: Gold Peg’s evolution in the food processing industry
From day one, Gold Peg has focused on worldwide success and has quickly established itself as a global leader in food production and continuous cooking solutions.
From Europe and North America to Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, Gold Peg entered the food production industry with a clear goal:
To improve the safety and quality of global food through success generating innovative and advanced food processing technology.
Our equipment is exclusively designed and made by Gold Peg experts in Australia, and our passion lies in helping you streamline and improve processing efficiencies while delivering a better-quality end product – no matter your global location!